Highlights of Selected Projects
In 2015, at the 50th meeting of the Energy Working Group, which was held in Hawaii and co-hosted by Japan and the United States, the APEC Energy Working Group Success Stories publication was released, highlighting some of the many successful activities the EWG has undertaken since its first meeting in 1990.
Below are specific highlights of some of the Energy Working Group’s activities.
The Energy Smart Communities Initiative (ESCI) was launched in November 2010 by the U.S. President Barack Obama and Japanese Prime Minister Naoto Kan within Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC). ESCI covers four main pillars—Smart Transport, Smart Buildings, Smart Grids, and Smart Jobs and Consumers—along with the cross-cutting examples of Low Carbon Model Towns.
One of the components of ESCI is the Knowledge Sharing Platform (KSP), a tool for collecting and sharing best practices for creating energy smart communities. The KSP is designed to aid in cataloging and sharing information and best practices that are developed for ESCI’s areas of focus. It presents an opportunity for researchers, scientists, academics and the general public to learn, engage and share the latest in sustainability and energy efficiency.
A series of APEC Low Carbon Model Town Projects have funded feasibility plans for reducing the carbon footprint in Tianjin, China (2011); Samui Island, Thailand (2012); Da Nang, Vietnam (2013); Bitung City, Indonesia (2014); and San Borja, Peru (2015). The feasibility plans include a set of carbon dioxide emission targets and initiatives from installing solar power to electric motorbikes that will reduce overall emissions. The towns are currently implementing their low carbon development plans to create green towns in the Asia-Pacific region. Mandaue City, the Philippines has been selected as the next town to receive the low carbon feasibility study and planning. In addition, the project is developing low carbon indicators to measure the progress of these green towns. For more information, see APEC Bulletin newsletter article.
Peer Reviews on Energy Efficiency (PREE), is one mechanism assisting APEC economies achieve their regional goal of reducing energy intensity (energy per unit of GDP) by at least 45 percent by 2035. Each PREE Peer Review focuses on the energy efficiency policies of a single volunteer APEC member economy. The work is carried out by Review Team of experts from other member economies and international institutions. The Review Team visits the economy and interviews a range of people knowledgeable on energy efficiency issues, including representatives of government ministries, research institutes, industry associations, energy companies, electricity and gas market regulators, consumer associations, local government, and other relevant stakeholders. The PREE workstream identifies and provides technical support to members for implementation of PREE energy efficiency recommendations.
APEC ESIS provides up-to-date information about energy efficiency standards and labelling that apply to products in the APEC region. It allows policy agencies, standards and labelling practitioners, and producers and suppliers of products to see what standards are being developed or adopted in different economies for different products. As well as helping to promote regional energy efficiency, APEC ESIS contributes to regional harmonisation of standards and conformance procedures, which results in more rapid trade flows, reduced costs and greater integration of production networks. Collaborative Labelling and Appliance Standards Program (CLASP) maintains APEC ESIS on behalf of the APEC Expert Group on Energy Efficiency and Conservation (EGEEC).
The primary objective of this project is to improve energy policy decision-making in APEC member economies by improving the quality and availability of basic energy data. The project collects energy data and relevant information from member economies for an online APEC Energy Database and publishes the APEC Energy Statistics. The database will encompass energy demand and supply, energy prices, CO2 emissions, and socio-economic data. Based on the above work, “APEC Energy Statistics” and “APEC Energy Handbook” are published annually.
In 2001 the Joint Oil Data Initiative (JODI) was launched. This initiative is a collaborative oil information collection programme undertaken by APEC, the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), the International Energy Agency (IEA), the International Energy Forum, and the United Nations Environment Programme. The JODI database has been helpful for oil and gas producers, consumers, researchers and analysts.