Policy Partnership on Food Security
Food security has become an increasing concern among many APEC economies due to rising food prices and periods of price volatility. APEC economies are faced with challenges related to the supply and demand for food.
On the demand side, economies must feed a global population that will reach an estimated 9.7 billion in 2050. Income growth and urbanization have also resulted in changing food consumption patterns in the Asia-Pacific.
On the supply side, constraints to natural resources will become more stringent in the coming years, adversely impacting crops and aquaculture yields as well as the capacity to expand food production, such as fishing in the wild.
Agricultural land per capita is projected to decline from its 2012 level of 0.22 hectares to 0.18 hectares in use per person in 2050, while the proportion of the population living in urban areas is projected to rise from 50 per cent to 70 per cent. In addition, increased cycles of adverse weather conditions associated with climate change will cause yield declines for some important staple food crops, particularly rice, wheat and fish products.
APEC members recognize that in the absence of any policy intervention, the cost of food could rise substantially due to increasing demand and reduced production.
In response, the APEC Policy Partnership on Food Security (PPFS) was established in 2011 to strengthen public-private cooperation to address food security issues in the region.
At the ministerial level, the ministers of APEC economies responsible for agriculture and food met for the first time in Niigata, Japan, in 2010 and issued the Niigata Declaration on APEC Food Security—the first comprehensive APEC plan for promoting regional food security. Subsequent APEC ministerial meetings on food security were held biennially in Kazan, Russia (2012), Beijing, China (2014), and Piura, Peru (2016), which led to the Kazan Declaration, Beijing Declaration, and Piura Declaration outlining APEC’s new plans for tackling food security, respectively.
The latest Policy Partnership on Food Security (PPFS) Meeting was held on 21-22 August 2017 during the APEC Food Security Week (FSW) in Can Tho, Viet Nam.
At the meeting, PPFS members provided updates on their domestic policies to achieve food security and initiatives involving private sector participation relative to the “Enhancing Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture in response to Climate Change” priority, which is one of the thematic priorities of Viet Nam’s host year that links directly with the work of APEC economies for implementing the APEC Food Security Roadmap Towards 2020. In this context, the thematic clusters of PPFS’s work for 2017 focuses on the following areas:
- Addressing the relationship between food security and climate change
- Sustainable natural resources management
- Sustainable rural–urban development
- Facilitation of investment in agriculture and the regional food market
- Harmonization of food safety standards and food-loss control
Among notable outcomes of the meeting was an endorsement of two PPFS Action Plans to implement (1) the Multi-year Framework on Food Security and Climate Change and (2) the Strategic Framework on Rural-Urban Development to Strengthen Food Security and Quality Growth, which were endorsed at the APEC Food Security Ministerial Meeting in 2016.
The First Joint meeting between the PPFS, ATCWG, HLPDAB and OFWG was conducted on 23 August 2017 during Food Security Week 2017, to explore closer joint-cooperation among APEC food security-related fora, particularly for coordinating work plans and project concept notes.
APEC Food Security Week 2017 culminated with the hosting of the High-Level Policy Dialogue on Enhancing Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture in Response to Climate Change (HLPD-FSSA) on 25 August 2017. The HLPD adopted the Can Tho Statement, which emphasizes that food security remains a critical issue for APEC given the rise in demand for food due to population growth and in recognition of the close linkages between food security, poverty, climate change, and sustainable development. The statement called upon member economies to address these issues:
- The relationship between food security and climate change
- Sustainable natural resource management
- Sustainable rural–urban development
- Facilitation of trade and investment in agriculture and the regional food market,
- Food loss and food waste management
The next PPFS meeting will take place in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea, during SOM1 in March 2018.
Multi-year Framework on Food Security and Climate Change
The Multi-year Framework seeks to promote a coordinated regional effort for addressing the closely linked challenges of food security, development, and climate change adaptation and mitigation.
Utilizing APEC’s existing infrastructure, the program is expected to be a joint effort of multiple APEC working groups, including the Policy Partnership on Food Security (PPFS), the Agricultural Technical Cooperation Working Group (ATCWG), and the Oceans and Fisheries Working Group (OFWG) to foster cooperation among policy and technical-level experts on the food security–climate change relationship.
APEC food security groups also have the opportunity to partner with and utilize the related expertise of the Policy Partnership on Science, Technology, and Innovation (PPSTI) and the APEC Climate Center. The program also intends to engage and draw upon expertise from the private sector, academia, and other regional and global multilateral organizations.
The objectives of the Framework are to:
- Enhance the capacities of APEC economies in developing and disseminating approaches to addressing the food security–climate change relationship
- Increase knowledge of adaptation, mitigation and sustainably increasing productivity and incomes through targeted capacity building activities
- Utilize the current APEC structure to provide APEC economies a means to better share experiences and promotes cooperation in the development of approaches to addressing the food security–climate change relationship, based on identified capacity gaps
- Improve the farm and off-farm income of farmers and fishers through capacity building, diversifying crops and improving infrastructure, trade facilitation, financing, and better connectivity
- Conserve and enhance natural resources and promote their sustainable use by applying policies for their integrated management to areas such as soil, biodiversity, forestry, marine and aquatic resources, and landscapes—particularly in response to climate change and natural disasters
- Close the gaps in access to services between rural and urban areas by improving the quality of social infrastructure, rural social capital and fostering the welfare of vulnerable populations, such as the poor, the ageing, women and the youth
- Promote urban–rural administrative efficiency through approaches that emphasize inter-institutional management, multisector and multi-level coordination and cross-cutting development policies
- Workshops on Strengthening APEC Cooperation on Food Security and Climate Change (PPFS 03 2016A, United States)
- Water Resources Authorities Meeting on Challenges for Water and Food Security in the context of Climate Change (PPFS 02 2016, Peru)
- Seminar on Food Value Chains to Foster the Rural-Urban Development in Asia-Pacific region (PPFS 01 2017S, Japan Self-funded)
- Workshop on Smart Agriculture Initiative for Sustainable Growth during 2017-2020 (PPFS 02 2017S, Korea Self-funded)
- Workshop on Sharing Rural Development Experiences for Food Security and Quality Growth (PPFS 03 2017S, Korea Self-funded)
- Workshop on Smallholders and SMEs’ Response to New Climate Scenarios regarding Sustainable Water Use as a Contribution to Food Security (PPFS 01 2017, Chile)
Activities for 2018:
Possible topics for the PPFS 2018 work plan include:
- Enhancing food security and Sustainable Agriculture through use of information and communications technology in response to climate change
- Promoting women in agriculture and fisheries
- Sustainable fisheries management and development
- The nexus of food services in the APEC Services Competitiveness Roadmap (ASCR)
Strategic Framework on Rural–Urban Development to Strengthen Food Security and Quality Growth
The Strategic Framework aims to enhance rural–urban development linkages to advance food security and inclusive growth, which will benefit both rural and urban areas. Developing such linkages will require a comprehensive approach while taking into consideration of a variety of factors such as farming typology, sustainable development, place-based approach, inclusive value chains, and gender and social inclusion.
The objectives of the framework are to:
Projects implemented in 2017:
The PPFS aims to conduct activities and projects to meet the objectives of the 2017 Work Plan. The PPFS will conduct the following APEC and self-funded projects:
Notable projects may include:
- A capacity building workshop to empower rural women in agriculture and fisheries, and promoting the active participation of women in the food value chains towards achieving food security in APEC
- A Seminar to strengthen APEC cooperation on food security and climate change
- Expert consultation on food services in relation to the APEC ASCR
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Through the APEC Food Safety Cooperation Forum and together with the APEC Sub-Committee on Standards and Conformance, APEC is working to enhance food safety standards and food testing capacities in the region through laboratory training
The long-term goal is the attainment of a regional food system structure by 2020 which will provide APEC member economies with lasting food security, as well as enhance their food supply efficiency and provide more affordable food for lower income consumers.
Together with the APEC Agricultural Technical Cooperation Working Group, APEC is strengthening public-private partnerships to reduce food losses in the supply chain (an initiative led by Chinese Taipei).
- Can Tho Statement
- PPFS 2017 Work Plan
- Statement of Intent on the establishment of the Asia Region Funds Passport
- Statement on the Asia Region Funds Passport (20 September 2013)
- Asia Region Funds Passport website
- APEC Asia Region Funds Passport
- APEC Finance and Development Centre
- APEC Structural Reform Ministers' Meeting
- Regional Network on Asian Insolvency Reform
- Financial Sector Reform Catalogue
Dr Vele PAT LLA'AVA
Secretary of the Department of Agriculture and Livestock, Papua New Guinea
Mr Brown KONABE
Director of Food Security, Department of Agriculture and Livestock, Papua New Guinea
Mr Pruthipong POONTHRIGOBOL