Policy Partnership on Food Security
Food security has become an increasing concern among many APEC economies due to rising food prices and periods of price volatility. APEC economies are faced with challenges related to the supply and demand for food.
On the demand side, economies must feed a global population that will reach an estimated 9.7 billion in 2050. Income growth and urbanization have also resulted in changing food consumption patterns in the Asia-Pacific.
On the supply side, constraints to natural resources will become more stringent in the coming years, adversely impacting crops and aquaculture yields as well as the capacity to expand food production, such as fishing in the wild.
Agricultural land per capita is projected to decline from its 2012 level of 0.22 hectares to 0.18 hectares in use per person in 2050, while the proportion of the population living in urban areas is projected to rise from 50 per cent to 70 per cent. In addition, increased cycles of adverse weather conditions associated with climate change will cause yield declines for some important staple food crops, particularly rice, wheat and fish products.
APEC members recognize that in the absence of any policy intervention, the cost of food could rise substantially due to increasing demand and reduced production.
In response, the APEC Policy Partnership on Food Security (PPFS) was established in 2011 to strengthen public-private cooperation to address food security issues in the region.
At the ministerial level, the ministers of APEC economies responsible for agriculture and food met for the first time in Niigata, Japan, in 2010 and issued the Niigata Declaration on APEC Food Security—the first comprehensive APEC plan for promoting regional food security. Subsequent APEC ministerial meetings on food security were held biennially in Kazan, Russia (2012), Beijing, China (2014), and Piura, Peru (2016), which led to the Kazan Declaration, Beijing Declaration, and Piura Declaration outlining APEC’s new plans for tackling food security, respectively.
- Addressing the relationship between food security and climate change;
- Sustainable natural resources management,
- Sustainable rural–urban development,
- Facilitation of investment in agriculture and regional food market, and
- Harmonization of food safety standards and food-loss control.
Among the notable outcomes of the meeting was an endorsement of the PPFS 2017 Work Plan to conduct projects and activities for food security. It was also decided that a High Level Policy Dialogue on Enhancing Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture in response to Climate Change (HLPD-FSSACC) will be held on APEC Food Security Week in the city of Can Tho in August 2017. There were also deliberations on how to move forward with the drafting of the Action Plan to implement the two important initiatives from PPFS 2016, namely the “APEC Framework for Multi-year Program on Food Security1 and Climate Change” and “APEC Strategic framework on Rural-Urban Development to Strengthen Food Security and Quality Growth.”
The Second joint PPFS-OFWG meeting was conducted on 27 February 2017, at the margins of the PPFS meeting, to exchange policies and strategies oriented to strengthen the agricultural, aquaculture and fisheries sectors to attain food security. The meeting identified aquaculture, water resources management, development of coastal communities and MSMEs, fisheries food loss and waste, and fish feed as some of the potential areas for cross-fora collaboration.
The next PPFS meeting will take place in the city of Can Tho, Viet Nam, during the APEC Food Security Week in August 2017.
Action Plan to implement APEC Framework for Multi-Year APEC Program on Food Security and Climate Change
The PPFS is developing the Action Plan to implement the APEC Framework for a Multi-Year APEC Program on Food Security and Climate Change. The multi-year program seeks to promote a coordinated regional effort at addressing the closely linked challenges of food security, development, and climate change adaptation and mitigation. Utilizing APEC’s existing infrastructure, the program is expected to be a joint effort of multiple APEC working groups, including the Policy Partnership on Food Security (PPFS), the Agricultural Technical Cooperation Working Group (ATCWG), and the Oceans and Fisheries Working Group (OFWG) to foster cooperation among policy and technical-level experts on the food security – climate change relationship. APEC food security groups also have the opportunity to partner with and utilize related expertise of the Policy Partnership on Science, Technology, and Innovation (PPSTI) and the APEC Climate Center. The program also intends to engage and draw upon expertise from the private sector, academia, and other regional and global multilateral organizations.
The objectives of the program are to:
- Enhance the capacities of APEC economies in developing and disseminating approaches to addressing the food security – climate change relationship
- Increase knowledge of adaptation, mitigation, and sustainably increasing productivity and incomes through targeted capacity building activities
- Utilize the current APEC structure to provide means for APEC economies to better share experiences and promotes cooperation in the development of approaches to addressing the food security – climate change relationship, based on identified capacity gaps
Action Plan to implement APEC Strategic Framework for Rural-Urban Development to Strengthen Food Security and Quality Growth
The PPFS is developing the Action Plan to implement APEC Strategic Framework for Rural-Urban Development to Strengthen Food Security and Quality Growth. The Framework aims to enhance rural–urban development linkages to advance food security and inclusive growth that benefits both rural and urban areas. Developing such linkages will require a comprehensive approach while taking into consideration of a variety of factors including farming typology, sustainable development, place-based approach, inclusive value chains, and gender and social inclusion.
The objectives of the Framework are to:
- Improve farm and off-farm income by strengthening farmers’ and fishers’ capacity building, diversifying crops and improving infrastructure, trade facilitation, financing and better connectivity
- Conserve and enhance natural resources and promote their sustainable use by applying policies for the integrated management of resources, such as soil, biodiversity, forestry, marine, aquatic resources and landscapes, particularly in response to climate change and natural disasters
- Close gaps in access to services between rural and urban areas by improving the quality of social infrastructure, rural-social capital and fostering the welfare of vulnerable populations, including the poor, the ageing, women, and the youth
- Promote urban – rural administrative efficiency through approaches that emphasize inter-institutional management, multisector and multi-level coordination and cross-cutting development policies
Projects for 2017: The PPFS aims to conducts activities and projects to meet the objectives of the 2017 Work Plan. The PPFS will conduct the following APEC and self-funded projects:
1. Workshop on Strengthening APEC Cooperation on Food Security and Climate Change (April and June)
2. Workshop on Challenges for Water and Food Security in a Context of Climate Change in the APEC Region (August)
3. Seminar on Food Value Chains to foster the rural-urban development in APEC region (August);
4. Workshop on Sharing Rural Development Experiences for Food Security and Quality Growth (August)
5. Workshop on sharing smart agriculture practices utilizing ICT under the Smart Agriculture Initiative for Sustainable Growth (August)
6. Workshop on Smallholders and SMEs' response to new climate scenarios regarding sustainable water use as a contribution to Food Security (November)
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Through the APEC Food Safety Cooperation Forum and together with the APEC Sub-Committee on Standards and Conformance, APEC is working to enhance food safety standards and food testing capacities in the region through laboratory training
The long-term goal is the attainment of a regional food system structure by 2020 which will provide APEC member economies with lasting food security, as well as enhance their food supply efficiency and provide more affordable food for lower income consumers.
Together with the APEC Agricultural Technical Cooperation Working Group, APEC is strengthening public-private partnerships to reduce food losses in the supply chain (an initiative led by Chinese Taipei).
Wang Yang, Vice Premier, China
Center: Ren Zhengxiao, Administrator, State Administration of Grain, China
Barnaby Joyce, Minister of Agriculture, Australia
Gerald Ritz, Minister, Agriculture and Agri-Food, Canada
Seated right to left (background): Martyn Dunne, Director General, Ministry for Primary Industries, New Zealand; Raul Urteaga Trani, General Coordinator of International Affairs, Secretariat of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fisheries and Food, Mexico; Ismail Sabri bin Yaakob, Minister of Agriculture and Agro-Based Industry, Malaysia; Minister of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs Official, Korea
Han Changfu, Minister of Agriculture, China and Chair, 3rd APEC Ministerial Meeting on Food Security
Toshiko Abe, Vice Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Japan
Nikolai Fyodorov, Minister of Agriculture, Russia
Left to right: Jirawan Yamprayoon, Deputy Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, Thailand; Michael Scuse, Under Secretary, Department of Agriculture, the United States; Le Quoc Doanh, Vice Minister, Agriculture and Rural Development, Viet Nam
Chen Bao-ji, Minister, Council of Agriculture, Chinese Taipei
Ko Wing-man, Secretary, Food and Health Bureau, Hong Kong, China
Segfredo Roque Serrano, Undersecretary, Department of Agriculture, the Philippines
Thanawat Sirikul, Program Director, APEC Secretariat; Dr Alan Bollard, Executive Director, APEC Secretariat
Seated at table, left to right: Dr Alan Bollard, Executive Director, APEC Secretariat, Han Changfu, Minister of Agriculture, China and Chair, 3rd APEC Ministerial Meeting on Food Security; Ministry of Agriculture Official, China
- Statement of Intent on the establishment of the Asia Region Funds Passport
- Statement on the Asia Region Funds Passport (20 September 2013)
- Asia Region Funds Passport website
- APEC Asia Region Funds Passport
- APEC Finance and Development Centre
- APEC Structural Reform Ministers' Meeting
- Regional Network on Asian Insolvency Reform
- Financial Sector Reform Catalogue
Smallholders’ Response to New Climate Scenarios regarding Sustainable Water Use as a Contribution to Food SecuritySantiago, Chile
Mr Tran Kim Long
Director General, International Cooperation Department
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Viet Nam
Ms Thuy Linh Nguyen
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Viet Nam
Mr Pruthipong POONTHRIGOBOL