Mining Task Force
Around 70 per cent of all mining output is produced and consumed in APEC member economies—this includes the majority of the world’s bauxite, copper, iron, nickel, silver, tin and zinc, among others. Collectively, these resources play a role in everything from home construction to transportation and digital infrastructure, food production and healthcare. The mining, mineral, and metal industries are of great importance to APEC, with close to 75 per cent of all global mining trade and investment conducted within the Region.
In the past two decades, the share of natural resources in total world exports increased more than 22 per cent since 1990, according to the World Trade Organization. APEC’s promotion of free trade and investment in the mining sector reflects the importance of minerals and metals to generating economic growth and as a component to many key products which improving living standards. APEC’s collaborative activities support well-managed, effectively regulated mining and metallurgical operations that are sustainable and that contribute to the well-being and livelihoods of citizens in APEC economies.
In 2007, APEC Ministers endorsed the establishment of the Mining Task Force (MTF), building on previous activities within APEC. The MTF derives its mandate from priorities set by APEC Leaders and Ministers and from directions provided by Ministers Responsible for Mining. The Mining Task Force is composed of policy officials who work with experts in government and academia, private industry, and regional and international organizations.
At the 3rd Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Mining in 2007, Ministers agreed to APEC Mining Policy Principles, including:
- Pursue policies that enhance the sustainable production, trade, and consumption of minerals and metals thereby improving the economic and social wellbeing of our people.
- Foster regular exchange between member economies about experiences with regulations, policies, and practices and about significant developments in each economy's minerals and metals sector.
- Foster investment certainty in the APEC minerals sector through the pursuit of open minerals and metals markets and the articulation of clear and predictable investment policies.
- Promote cost effective, evidence-based, transparent and objective-based measures which improve the efficiency in the regulation of the minerals industry to contribute to economic, environment and social development outcomes.
- Encourage, support and promote initiatives by the minerals and metals industry and stakeholders that contribute to national and international sustainable development goals.
- Support capacity building activities for sustainable development so that all APEC Economies are able to maximize the benefits and minimize the impacts from minerals resource development.
The 5th Meeting of APEC Ministers Responsible for Mining was held 27-28 June 2014 in Beijing, China. The ministers issued a joint statement that described actions to achieve sustainable development in the mining sector and instructed the Mining Task Force to formulate and implement an action plan. The statement outlined actions in the following three main areas of focus:
- Closer Cooperation of the Mining Sector in the Asia Pacific Region
- Innovation-driven Growth
- Social Responsibility and Common Development
Ministers also emphasized the need to accelerate the mining industry’s transformation and upgrading, and the pursuit of a modernized development path to improve its social, environmental and economic benefits.
In 2015, APEC established a fund to support collaboration on mining, which was announced following the 9th Mining Task Force (MTF9) meeting held on 26-27 August 2015 in Cebu, Philippines. Further details on the guidelines and eligibility for the Mining Sub-fund are available here. This fund supports APEC projects that
- Strengthen the capacity of local businesses, mining industries and/or regulators in developing member economies
- Enhance the trade and investment environment for mining
- Contribute to APEC objectives for women’s economic empowerment
The general procedures for applying for APEC project funding are available here. In addition to these general procedures, the Mining Task Force has an internal review process which supports project quality.
The 10th Mining Taskforce meeting held in Arequipa, Peru in May 2016. A Public-Private Dialogue on Mining was held with Mining CEOs. It focused on “Promoting the growth of a healthy and sustainable mining sector in the Asia Pacific.”
At the 11th Mining Taskforce meeting held in May 2017 in Ha Noi, Viet Nam, members from government, ABAC, and guests from private sector, academic and international organizations discussed significant developments and charted future APEC collaboration in the mining sector.
The Fourth Public-Private Dialogue was organized at the margins of the 11th MTF meeting. Participants focused on subjects related to
- Assessing progress and identifying goals of the APEC Mining Principles
- Innovation and Mining: How New Technology Could Impact the Industry and Regional Workforce
- Community Engagement: Communicating the Value of Mining to Targeted Communities
- Sustainable mining and use of good regulatory practices
In 2016 and 2017, five APEC projects were approved in order to further collaborative action. This is consistent with the APEC Mining Policy Principles. Various workshops, training events and reports are to be produced under these projects:
- Developing Training Materials to Promote the Reduction of Mercury Use in Artisanal and Small-scale Gold Mining (MTF 01 2016A)
- Mining Industry Competitiveness: Improving Productivity and Data to Attract Investment (MTF 02 2016A)
- Mine Closure Checklist for Governments (MTF 03 2016A)
- Mining Equipment, Technology, and Services (METS) Sector Development (MTF 04 2016A)
- Promoting Inclusive Mining: Consultation Model for dealing with local interests including Indigenous communities and Women (MTF 01 2017 A)
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In 2015 a Capacity Building Needs survey was conducted in which government representatives from 10 APEC developing member economies identified their top priorities for capacity building, particularly:
Ms Denisse LUYO
Mr Rodrigo Urquiza
Mining Task Force