APEC collaboration on energy aims to help progress towards two specific aspirational goals announced APEC Ministers and Leaders:

  • - to double the share of renewables in the APEC energy mix, including in power generation by 2030, as set out in the 2014 APEC Economic Leaders Declaration.  
  • - to reduce APEC’s aggregate energy intensity by 45% from 2005 levels by 2035, as set out in the 2011 APEC Economic Leaders’ Declaration.

Accounting for around 60 per cent of world energy demand, the APEC region includes four of the world's five largest energy users (China, the United States, Russia and Japan). In 2013, the region consumed over 8 000 Mtoe and was a net energy importer, importing over 650 Mtoe, 90% of which was oil (International Energy Agency (IEA) data).

According to the report APEC Energy Demand and Supply Outlook (6th Edition) produced by the Asia Pacific Energy Research Centre (APERC), by 2040, APEC members’ consumption of energy is forecast to increase by 35% above 2013 levels, highlighting the region’s ability to decouple energy demand from economic growth. However, in a business as usual approach over 80 per cent of APEC’s primary energy demand in 2040 is forecast to be met by fossil fuels, and carbon dioxide emissions from fuel combustion are expected to continue on an upward trend, rising 24 per cent over the period. Building on work already underway by APEC members, the report produced modelling for several alternative scenarios, with strengthened efforts to improve energy efficiency and accelerate deployment of renewable energy needed in order to meet the region’s energy goals.  

These factors make energy cooperation an increasingly important agenda item for APEC. APEC’s Energy Working Group (EWG), launched in 1990, seeks to maximize the energy sector's contribution to the region's economic and social well-being, while mitigating the environmental effects of energy supply and use. The Energy Working Group’s work is guided by its current Strategic Plan (2014-2018). EWG’s mission is to build the capacity of APEC members to strengthen domestic and regional energy security and lower the carbon intensity of energy supply and use across the region, facilitated by information and data exchanges, joint research and development, and open trade and investment.

APEC energy cooperation is conducted under the framework of the Energy Security Initiative (ESI), which was first put forward by the EWG in 2000. The objective of the ESI is to prepare the region for potential energy supply disruptions and subsequent impacts on economic activities.  The ESI covers a range of issues including: the Monthly Oil Data Initiative, maritime security, real-time emergency information sharing, oil supply emergency response, energy investment, natural gas trade, nuclear power, energy efficiency, renewable energy, hydrogen, methane hydrates, and clean fossil energy.

The EWG is assisted by four Expert Groups and two Task Forces:

  • Clean Fossil Energy (EGCFE)
  • Energy Data and Analysis (EGEDA)
  • Energy Efficiency and Conservation (EGEEC)
  • New and Renewable Energy Technologies (EGNRET)
  • Low Carbon Model Town Task Force (LCMT-TF)
  • Energy Resiliency Task Force (ER-TF).

Further information on the mandate and activities of the Energy Working Group and each of its sub-groups is available on the website links on this page.

EWG is further supported by two subsidiary research bodies, the Asia Pacific Energy Research Centre (APERC) and the APEC Sustainable Energy Centre (APSEC).

  • The Asia Pacific Energy Research Centre (APERC) was established in July 1996 in Tokyo, as an affiliate of the Institute of Energy Economics, Japan (IEEJ), in accordance with the Action Agenda adopted by APEC Economic Leaders when they met in Osaka in November 1995. The primary objective of APERC is to foster understanding amongst APEC economies of global, regional and domestic energy demand and supply trends, energy infrastructure development, energy regulatory reform, and related policy issues to promote regional prosperity.
  • The APEC Sustainable Energy Centre (APSEC) was established in 2015 at Tianjin University, China, following endorsement by APEC Economic Leaders in Beijing in 2014.  APSEC aims to promote advanced ideas and models of sustainable energy development across the APEC region, and facilitate cooperation among member economies in information exchange, policy dialogue, technology R&D, demonstration and dissemination, and capacity building in the field of sustainable energy.

Noting that cooperation and partnership are essential to addressing energy security and environmental challenges, the EWG has further strengthened collaboration with other international energy fora on a broad range of issues, including maritime energy transport security, emergency preparedness, energy efficiency, and clean energy technology. The International Energy Agency (IEA), the International Copper Association (ICA) and the World Energy Council (WEC), as well as Mongolia, currently have guest status in the EWG.  Many other organisations and stakeholders, such as the Collaborative Labelling and Appliance Standards Program (CLASP) and the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), are also working with APEC Expert Groups and projects on specific energy challenges.

Last page update: 7 February 2017

Current Activities

APEC Energy Ministers met in Cebu, The Philippines, on 13 October 2015 and issued the Cebu Declaration and Instructions. Ministers emphasised the importance of energy resiliency in the face of the effects of man-made and natural disasters and established a new Energy Working Group Task Force to take this work forward.  Ministers also welcomed the new APEC Initiative for Enhancing the Quality of Electric Power Infrastructure taking into various factors into consideration including resilience to disasters, lifecycle costs and environmental impacts.  Ministers also instructed officials to implement an APEC Green Energy Finance Initiative in support of the financial sustainability of renewable energy and energy efficiency development in the region.  See this news release for more information.

At the latest meeting of the Energy Working Group (EWG52) held in Moscow, Russia in October 2016 members reviewed progress towards their goals and charted the way ahead for collaboration, including through APEC’s energy projects. 

Energy Working Group Project Process

In 2009 an APEC Sub-Fund for Energy Efficiency and Low-Carbon Measures was established with a contribution from the Government of Japan. This Sub-fund continues to support a wide range of energy-related technical capacity building projects supporting cooperation between APEC members. The general procedures for applying for APEC project funding are available here.

In addition to these general procedures, the Energy Working Group follows an Internal Project Assessment Process which supports the thorough review of all project applications at its meetings.  Under this process the next Internal Submission Deadline for Energy Working Group is 10 March 2017 for projects applying for funding under Session 2, 2017.  By this date applicants must submit their concept note to the relevant EWG Expert Group or Taskforce Chair.

EWG has a large number of projects covering technical cooperation and capacity building across a wide range of energy issues, in line with the Energy Working Group Strategic Plan.  Most of these projects each produce an APEC Publication, so please look at the Publications tab for the latest reports.  The Publications and Projects links on this webpage will take you to further information on specific EWG projects and collaborative activities.


Highlights of Selected Projects

In 2015, at the 50th meeting of the Energy Working Group, which was held in Hawaii and co-hosted by Japan and the United States, the APEC Energy Working Group Success Stories publication was released, highlighting some of the many successful activities the EWG has undertaken since its first meeting in 1990.

Below are specific highlights of some of the Energy Working Group’s activities.

Energy Smart Communities Initiative

The Energy Smart Communities Initiative (ESCI) was launched in November 2010 by the U.S. President Barack Obama and Japanese Prime Minister Naoto Kan within Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC).  ESCI covers four main pillars—Smart Transport, Smart Buildings, Smart Grids, and Smart Jobs and Consumers—along with the cross-cutting examples of Low Carbon Model Towns.

One of the components of ESCI is the Knowledge Sharing Platform (KSP), a tool for collecting and sharing best practices for creating energy smart communities. The KSP is designed to aid in cataloging and sharing information and best practices that are developed for ESCI’s areas of focus. It presents an opportunity for researchers, scientists, academics and the general public to learn, engage and share the latest in sustainability and energy efficiency.

Low Carbon Model Towns

A series of APEC Low Carbon Model Town Projects have funded feasibility plans for reducing the carbon footprint in Tianjin, China (2011); Samui Island, Thailand (2012); Da Nang, Vietnam (2013); Bitung City, Indonesia (2014); and San Borja, Peru (2015). The feasibility plans include a set of carbon dioxide emission targets and initiatives from installing solar power to electric motorbikes that will reduce overall emissions. The towns are currently implementing their low carbon development plans to create green towns in the Asia-Pacific region. Mandaue City, the Philippines has been selected as the next town to receive the low carbon feasibility study and planning. In addition, the project is developing low carbon indicators to measure the progress of these green towns.  For more information, see APEC Bulletin newsletter article.

APEC Peer Reviews on Energy Efficiency (PREE)

Peer Reviews on Energy Efficiency (PREE), is one mechanism assisting APEC economies achieve their regional goal of reducing energy intensity (energy per unit of GDP) by at least 45 percent by 2035. Each PREE Peer Review focuses on the energy efficiency policies of a single volunteer APEC member economy. The work is carried out by Review Team of experts from other member economies and international institutions.  The Review Team visits the economy and interviews a range of people knowledgeable on energy efficiency issues, including representatives of government ministries, research institutes, industry associations, energy companies, electricity and gas market regulators, consumer associations, local government, and other relevant stakeholders. The PREE workstream identifies and provides technical support to members for implementation of PREE energy efficiency recommendations.

Energy Standards Information System (ESIS)

APEC ESIS provides up-to-date information about energy efficiency standards and labelling that apply to products in the APEC region.  It allows policy agencies, standards and labelling practitioners, and producers and suppliers of products to see what standards are being developed or adopted in different economies for different products.  As well as helping to promote regional energy efficiency, APEC ESIS contributes to regional harmonisation of standards and conformance procedures, which results in more rapid trade flows, reduced costs and greater integration of production networks.  Collaborative Labelling and Appliance Standards Program (CLASP) maintains APEC ESIS on behalf of the APEC Expert Group on Energy Efficiency and Conservation (EGEEC). 

Operation of APEC Energy Database and Analysis

The primary objective of this project is to improve energy policy decision-making in APEC member economies by improving the quality and availability of basic energy data. The project collects energy data and relevant information from member economies for an online APEC Energy Database and publishes the APEC Energy Statistics. The database will encompass energy demand and supply, energy prices, CO2 emissions, and socio-economic data. Based on the above work, “APEC Energy Statistics” and “APEC Energy Handbook” are published annually.

Joint Oil Data Initiative (JODI)

In 2001 the Joint Oil Data Initiative (JODI) was launched. This initiative is a collaborative oil information collection programme undertaken by APEC, the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), the International Energy Agency (IEA), the International Energy Forum, and the United Nations Environment Programme. The JODI database has been helpful for oil and gas producers, consumers, researchers and analysts.


Dr. Jyuung-Shiauu Chern
Lead Shepherd, Energy Working Group
Chief of Energy Affairs
Bureau of Energy
Ministry of Economic Affairs, Chinese Taipei
Email: jschern@moeaboe.gov.tw
Penelope Howarth (Ms)
Program Director
APEC Secretariat
Email: ph15@apec.org


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APEC Embarks on Global Lighting Challenge
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APEC Names Asia-Pacific’s Top Energy Smart Innovations
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APEC Energy Ministers Push for Energy Resilience
OIC-Secretary Monsada: Energy Security Vital to Inclusive Growth and Integration
Embrace the Interest of Small Businesses: Secretary Domingo
APEC Breaks Ground on Sustainable City Development
APEC Calls for Energy Smart Case Submissions
Thai Energy Minister Narongchai on Powering Asia’s New Middle Class
APEC Ramps Up Climate Change Focus with Innovator Search
APEC Targets Doubling of Renewable Energy
APEC Ministers open new chapter in energy cooperation with Beijing Declaration
11th APEC Energy Ministerial Meeting
APEC opening environmental goods market
Green Towns in the Asia-Pacific
APEC strives to raise energy efficiency, cut emissions
46th APEC Energy Working Group and Associated Meetings
APEC energy outlook: consumption surges; efficiency emerges; sustainability diverges
APEC on target to reduce energy intensity, but more work needed, says early assessment
Testing standards promote trade in energy efficient products
APEC Energy Ministers issue St Petersburg Declaration on energy security
APEC Energy Ministerial Meeting
APEC Energy Ministerial Meeting 2012
APEC Public – Private Roundtable on Energy Security
APEC energy, mining ministers to meet in St Petersburg
APEC takes sustainable steps to powering electric vehicles
APEC Transportation and Energy Ministerial Conference
Transportation, Energy Ministers from Asia-Pacific member economies pledge cooperation on cleaner, more energy-efficient transportation
Greening the APEC supply chain through energy efficiency
APEC mobilises on developing low-carbon towns
Biofuels seek greener future
Shining the light on Green Growth issues
APEC Energy Ministers give instructions on energy security and efficiency
APEC Peru 2008: Outcomes
APEC and Climate Change
APEC Addresses Energy Security and Environmental Sustainability
Business Representatives, Energy Ministers Discuss High-Energy Prices and Climate Change
Mining and Energy Ministers' Meetings Policy Priorities Set
APEC Interaction with International Energy Agency to Increase
High Oil Prices: Securing the Energy Supply in the Region
APEC Energy Ministers' Joint Declaration Online
Energy Ministers Seek to Ease Pressure Caused by High Energy Prices
New Website Database of Global Electrical Appliance Standards
Consumer Benefits, Environmental Protection & Supply Security of LNG Issues for APEC Gas Conference in Perth, 1-2 September 2005
Energy Security and Alternative Fuel Sources on EWG Agenda in Hanoi
Massive Potential of APEC Natural Gas Market: Report calls for Collaboration & Investment to Overcome Bottlenecks
APEC Energy Ministers' Meeting - Manila, Philippines, June 10: Energy Security High on the Agenda
APEC Energy Working Group Meeting: Energy Supply Security and Cross-Border Power Sharing
Improved and Cheaper Electricity Supply: Goal Of Philippine APEC Meeting


20 Nov 2017 54th APEC Energy Working Group and Associated Meetings Wellington, New Zealand
30 Oct 2017 APEC Workshop on Promoting the Development of an Evaluation Community (EWG 19 2016A) Bangkok, Thailand
23 Oct 2017 The 49th Meeting of APEC Expert Group on New and Renewable Energy Technology Tokyo, Japan
23 Oct 2017 Small and Medium PV System Database in the APEC Region Tokyo, Japan
05 Oct 2017 APEC Expert Group on Energy Efficiency and Conservation (EGEEC) 50th Meeting & Workshops Moscow, Russia
21 Sep 2017 Study on the Cost-Effective Renewable Energy-Supply Solutions based on Innovative Solar Technologies to Promote Green Buildings in APEC Region Tianjin, China
20 Sep 2017 Workshop on Long term Planning for Further Dissemination on Renewable Energy Safety in APEC Chiang-Mai, Thailand
14 Sep 2017 EWG 02 2016A - 1st Low-Carbon Model Town (LCMT) Symposium Jakarta, Indonesia
04 Sep 2017 APEC Nearly (Net) Zero Energy Building Roadmap Study Responding to COP21 (EWG 16 2016A) Honolulu, United States
08 Aug 2017 Workshop on Incubator for Enhancing Commercial Buildings Energy Performance Jakarta, Indonesia
01 Aug 2017 Peer Review on Low Carbon Energy Supply Policy in Papua New Guinea Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea
10 Jul 2017 APEC Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reform: Workshop on Effective Pricing Mechanisms and Mitigation Strategies Jakarta, Indonesia
07 Jul 2017 Incubator for Enhancing Commercial Buildings Energy Performance (EWG 14 2016A) Singapore, Singapore
25 May 2017 Renewable Energy Safety in APEC (EWG 17 2015A) Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
22 May 2017 Workshop: Research on Energy Storage Technologies to Build Sustainable Energy Systems in the APEC Region (EWG 04 2016A) Beijing, China
26 Apr 2017 53rd Energy Working Group Meeting Singapore
25 Apr 2017 Energy Workforce Resilience Workshop (01 2017S) Singapore
25 Apr 2017 Energy Resiliency Task Force Meeting Singapore
24 Apr 2017 3rd ESCI Awards Ceremony (04 2016S) Singapore
24 Apr 2017 Low Carbon Model Town Task Force Meeting Singapore
29 Mar 2017 Oil and Gas Security Regional Capacity Building Exercise (EWG 01 2016S) Melbourne, Australia
28 Mar 2017 Reducing Losses in Power Distribution through Improved Efficiency of Distribution Transformers Jeju Island, Korea
27 Mar 2017 Energy Efficiency Policy Workshop (EWG 10 2016A) Jeju Island, Korea
27 Mar 2017 Expert Group on Energy Efficiency and Conservation (EGEEC) and Expert Group on New and Renewable Energy Technologies (EGNRET) Joint Meeting and Associated Events Jeju Island, Korea
27 Mar 2017 Filling the Gap to Reach the Goal of Doubling Renewable Energy in the APEC Region (EWG 11 2016A) Jeju Island, Korea
09 Mar 2017 Workshop on Long-Term Reliability Study of PV Systems for Installation on Islands (EWG 21 2015A) HsinChu, Chinese Taipei
06 Mar 2017 APEC Peer Review on Energy Efficiency (PREE), Phase 6 Mexico
28 Feb 2017 EWG 12 2015A - Ethanol Trade Development as Part of APEC’s Renewable Fuel Strategy Bangkok, Thailand
23 Feb 2017 The 4th Workshop on Renewable Energy Prospects and Safety Jakarta, Indonesia
15 Jan 2017 APEC Low Carbon Model Town Solar Photovoltaic Agricultural Development Mode Workshop (EWG 11 2015A) Beijing, China
08 Jan 2017 3rd Workshop on Training and Experience transfer on Renewable Energy Safety (EWG 17 2015A) Thai Binh City, Viet Nam