Accounting for around 60 per cent of world energy demand, the APEC region includes four of the world's five largest energy users (China, the United States, Russia and Japan). In 2013, the region consumed over 8 000 Mtoe and was a net energy importer, importing over 650 Mtoe, 90% of which was oil (International Energy Agency (IEA) data).

According to the Asia Pacific Energy Research Centre (APERC) Publication, APEC Energy Demand and Supply Outlook (5th Edition), by 2035, APEC members’ demand for energy is forecast to increase by 34% to around 6 900 Mtoe above 2013 levels. The region includes some of the world's most energy intensive energy users and some of the fastest growing energy users such as China and South-East Asia.

These factors make energy cooperation an increasingly important agenda item for APEC. APEC’s Energy Working Group (EWG), launched in 1990, seeks to maximize the energy sector's contribution to the region's economic and social well-being, while mitigating the environmental effects of energy supply and use. The Energy Working Group’s work is guided by its current Strategic Plan (2014-2018). EWG’s mission is to build the capacity of APEC members to strengthen domestic and regional energy security and lower the carbon intensity of energy supply and use across the region, facilitated by information and data exchanges, joint research and development, and open trade and investment.

APEC collaboration on energy aims to help progress towards two specific aspirational goals announced APEC Ministers and Leaders:

  • to double the share of renewables in the APEC energy mix, including in power generation by 2030, as set out in the 2014 APEC Economic Leaders Declaration.  
  • to reduce APEC’s aggregate energy intensity by 45% from 2005 levels by 2035, as set out in the 2011 APEC Economic Leaders’ Declaration.

The EWG is assisted by four Expert Groups and one Task Force:

  • Clean Fossil Energy (EGCFE)
  • Energy Data and Analysis (EGEDA)
  • Energy Efficiency and Conservation (EGEEC)
  • New and Renewable Energy Technologies (EGNRET)
  • Low Carbon Model Town Task Force (LCMT-TF)
  • Energy Resiliency Task Force.

Further information on the mandate and activities of the Energy Working Group and each of its Expert Groups is available on the website links above.

EWG is further supported by two subsidiary research bodies, the Asia Pacific Energy Research Centre (APERC) and the APEC Sustainable Energy Centre (APSEC).

  • The Asia Pacific Energy Research Centre (APERC) was established in July 1996 in Tokyo, as an affiliate of the Institute of Energy Economics, Japan (IEEJ), in accordance with the Action Agenda adopted by APEC Economic Leaders when they met in Osaka in November 1995. The primary objective of APERC is to foster understanding amongst APEC economies of global, regional and domestic energy demand and supply trends, energy infrastructure development, energy regulatory reform, and related policy issues to promote regional prosperity.
  • The APEC Sustainable Energy Centre (APSEC) was established in 2015 at Tianjin University, China, following endorsement by APEC Economic Leaders in Beijing in 2014.  APSEC aims to promote advanced ideas and models of sustainable energy development across the APEC region, and facilitate cooperation among member economies in information exchange, policy dialogue, technology R&D, demonstration and dissemination, and capacity building in the field of sustainable energy.

Find our more:

EWG Publications

Current EWG Projects in implementation

Completed EWG Projects

APEC Energy Working Group

Expert Group on Clean Fossil Energy (EGCFE)

Expert Group on Energy Data & Analysis (EGEDA)

Expert Group on Energy Efficiency & Conservation (EGEEC) 

Expert Group on New and Renewable Energy Technologies (EGNRET) 

APEC Energy Database

APEC Energy Smart Communities Initiative (ESCI) Knowledge Sharing Platform

APEC Energy Standards Information System (ESIS)

Asia Pacific Energy Research Centre (APERC)

APEC Sustainable Energy Research Centre (APSEC)

Current Activities

APEC Energy Ministers met in Cebu, The Philippines, on 13 October 2015 and issued the Cebu Declaration and Instructions. Ministers emphasised the importance of energy resiliency in the face of the effects of man-made and natural disasters and established a new Energy Working Group Task Force to take this work forward.  Ministers also welcomed the new APEC Initiative for Enhancing the Quality of Electric Power Infrastructure taking into various factors into consideration including resilience to disasters, lifecycle costs and environmental impacts.  Ministers also instructed officials to implement an APEC Green Energy Finance Initiative in support of the financial sustainability of renewable energy and energy efficiency development in the region.  See this news release for more information.

Highlights of Selected Projects

EWG has a large number of projects covering technical cooperation and capacity building across a wide range of energy issues, in line with the Energy Working Group Strategic Plan.  Most of these projects each produce an APEC Publication, so please look at the Publications tab for the latest reports.  The links on the right hand side of this page will take you to websites related to EWG projects and collaborative activities.

Below are highlights of a few projects.

Low Carbon Model Town Project

A series of APEC Low Carbon Model Town Projects have funded feasibility plans for reducing the carbon footprint in Tianjin, China (2011); Samui Island, Thailand (2012); and Da Nang, Vietnam (2013). The feasibility plans include a set of carbon dioxide emission targets and initiatives from installing solar power to electric motorbikes that will reduce overall emissions. The towns are currently implementing their low carbon development plans to create green towns in the Asia-Pacific region. San Borja, Peru has been selected as the next town to receive the low carbon feasibility study and planning. In addition, the project is developing low carbon indicators to measure the progress of these green towns.  For more information, see APEC Bulletin newsletter article.

APEC Peer Review on Energy Efficiency (PREE) Phase 4 (PREE + Follow-Up PREE) 

Under the Peer Review on Energy Efficiency Phase 1, 2 and 3, nine peer reviews have been conducted in New Zealand, Chile, Viet Nam, Thailand, Chinese Taipei, Malaysia, Peru, Indonesia and Philippines. The Peer Review on Energy Efficiency (PREE) reports have provided these economies with valuable recommendations for promoting energy efficiency improvement through establishing goals and action plans. The 2013 PREE peer review was in host economy Brunei Darussalam. At the same time, lack of human capacity hampers the implementation of the recommendations in some economies. As a result, the Follow-Up PREE is designed to assist former PREE host economies in implementing the recommendations of the PREE review teams. The first Follow-up PREE workshop has been conducted in Viet Nam.  The key objective of the workshop is to assist the host economy obtain in-depth knowledge from experts on how to implement the PREE energy efficiency recommendations.

Operation of APEC Energy Database and Analysis

The primary objective of this project is to improve energy policy decision-making in APEC member economies by improving the quality and availability of basic energy data. The project collects energy data and relevant information from member economies for an online APEC Energy Database and publishes the APEC Energy Statistics. The database will encompass energy demand and supply, energy prices, CO2 emissions, and socio-economic data. Based on the above work, “APEC Energy Statistics” and “APEC Energy Handbook” are published annually.


APEC energy cooperation is conducted under the framework of the Energy Security Initiative (ESI), which was first put forward by the EWG in 2000. The objective of the ESI is to prepare the region for potential energy supply disruptions and subsequent impacts on economic activities.

The ESI covers a range of issues including: the Monthly Oil Data Initiative, maritime security, real-time emergency information sharing, oil supply emergency response, energy investment, natural gas trade, nuclear power, energy efficiency, renewable energy, hydrogen, methane hydrates, and clean fossil energy.

In 2001 the Joint Oil Data Initiative (JODI) was launched. This initiative is a collaborative oil information collection programme in its 10th year of operation that is undertaken by APEC, the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), the IEA, the International Energy Forum, and the United Nations Environment Programme. The JODI database has been helpful for oil producers, consumers, researchers and analysts. In October 2011, the 8th JODI Oil Conference was held in Beijing, China, marking the 10th anniversary of JODI.

Noting that cooperation and partnership are essential to addressing energy security and environmental challenges, the EWG has further strengthened collaboration with other international energy fora on a broad range of issues, including maritime energy transport security, emergency preparedness, energy efficiency, and clean energy technology. Accordingly, the IEA, the Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) and the Energy Charter Secretariat have been granted guest status in the EWG.

In the APEC Leaders' Declaration on Climate Change, Energy Security and Clean Development, endorsed in Sydney, Australia on 9 September 2007, APEC Leaders emphasized the importance of improving energy efficiency and resolved to work towards an APEC-wide aspirational goal of a reduction in energy intensity of at least 25 percent by 2030. They also established an Asia-Pacific Network for Energy Technology (APNet) to strengthen collaboration on energy research in the region, particularly in the areas of clean fossil energy and renewable energy sources.

In July 2009, Japan contributed approximately US$1.3 million to the APEC Secretariat to promote energy efficiency activities throughout the APEC region. The sum will specifically fund the development and implementation of energy efficiency policies, goals and action plans that are in line with the Leaders' Declaration.

APEC Energy Ministers held the ninth Energy Ministerial Meeting in Fukui, Japan between 18-20 June, 2010 under the theme "Low Carbon Paths to Energy Security: Cooperative Energy Solutions for a Sustainable APEC."

At the meeting, APEC Ministers and delegates discussed issues including energy security, responses to oil supply disruptions, improvement of energy efficiency, carbon capture and storage, enhancement of the PREE mechanism, efficient use of fossil energies, nuclear power generation, new and renewable energies, and bio-fuels.

In particular, APEC Energy Ministers directed officials to improve energy efficiency by:

  • Developing joint programs with International Energy Agency to improve response to oil and gas emergency situations;

  • Conducting an Unconventional Gas Census to evaluate its potential which could increase natural gas output;

  • Continuing assessing the resource potential for bio-fuels to displace petroleum-based fuels; and

Assessing the potential for reducing the energy intensity of economic output in APEC economies between 2005 and 2030, beyond the 25 percent aspirational goal already agreed by the APEC Leaders.

A Private Sector Dialogue working lunch also took place where speakers from the private sector considered the development and deployment of low-carbon technologies.

The Fukui Declaration was signed at the end of the Ministerial Meeting, as well as a Memorandum of Understanding on the Sub-Fund for Energy Efficiency and Low-Carbon Measures between APEC Secretariat, represented by its Executive Director, and the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry on behalf of the Government of Japan.

A key initiative that EWG is implementing is the APEC Peer Review Mechanism on Energy Efficiency (PREE). The objectives of the PREE are:

  • to promote information sharing among APEC members on energy efficiency performance and on policies and measures for improving energy efficiency; and

  • to explore how energy efficiency goals on an overall and/or sectoral basis and action plans could be effectively formulated and implemented in APEC economies.

A team of energy efficiency experts have now completed several PREE reports on Chile, New Zealand, Viet Nam, Thailand, Chinese Taipei, Peru, Malaysia and Indonesia. To download and view the eight PREE reports, please click here.

On February 2013, the EWG released the 5th Edition of the APEC Energy Outlook of Demand and Supply. The report was conducted by the Asia Pacific Energy Research Center (APERC), in coordination with the APEC Energy Working Group, and provides detailed projections of APEC’s energy demand, supply and greenhouse gas emissions.


Dr Phyllis Genther Yoshida (Ms)
Deputy Assistant Secretary International Energy Cooperation U.S. Department of Energy
Penelope Howarth (Ms)
Program Director
APEC Secretariat Email:


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