Policy Partnership on Women and the Economy
APEC members recognize that the full potential of women’s contributions to the Asia-Pacific economy remains untapped. As a result, women’s economic empowerment and the greater inclusion of women in the regional economy are high on APEC’s agenda.
A recent United Nations report states that the limits on women’s participation in the workforce across the Asia-Pacific region cost the economy an estimated USD 89 billion every year.
Approximately 600 million women are currently in the region’s labor force, with over 60 per cent of them engaged in the formal sector.
The goal of the Policy Partnership on Women and the Economy (PPWE) is to advance the economic integration of women in the APEC region for the benefit of all members and to coordinate gender activities across other APEC working groups.
The PPWE was established at the second Senior Officials’ Meeting in May 2011, held at Big Sky, Montana. It combined the former APEC Gender Focal Point Network and the private sector-oriented Women’s Leadership Network—creating a single public-private entity to streamline and elevate the influence of women’s issues within APEC.
The PPWE works to address the five key pillars impacting women’s economic empowerment:
- Access to capital
- Access to market
- Skills and capacity building
- Women’s leadership and agency
- Innovation and technology
The PPWE’s activities are guided by its terms of reference, the Strategic Plan for 2015–2018, its annual workplans and the Women and the Economy Dashboard, which is a set of 75 indicators on the status of women in APEC’s member economies. The dashboard is a tool to track, measure and communicate progress in reducing barriers to women’s economic participation across the aforementioned five key pillars.
The APEC Policy Support Unit reported on the indicators under the dashboard for the first time in September 2015, using highly credible international data sources such as the United Nations, the World Bank, the International Labor Organization, the World Economic Forum and the World Health Organization.
The dashboard’s indicators were assessed and reported on for the second time in 2017. A third version is currently under development and will be released in 2019. It will include various new indicators, including on the presence of legislation on sexual harassment, the proportion of women in ministerial level positions and the percentage of women using the internet and digital payments for online transactions.
The PPWE is also responsible for the newly established APEC Women and the Economy Sub-fund, which aims to institutionalize and provide ongoing support to advance APEC’s objectives of increasing women’s economic participation. Detailed instructions on the application process and the eligibility criteria for the Women and the Economy Sub-Fund can be accessed HERE.
Each year the APEC host works together with the PPWE and the APEC Business Advisory Council (ABAC) to hold the Women and the Economy Forum (WEF) during which APEC ministers, senior business leaders and experts take stock on actions underway to progress APEC’s women and the economy agenda.
The current Chair of the PPWE is Ms Maria Carolina Cuevas Merino, the Undersecretary of Chile’s Ministry of Women and Gender Equity (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Last page update: September 2018
The annual Women and the Economy Forum (WEF) was held in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea, from 3 to 7 September 2018 and included:
- A meeting of the PPWE working group
- A public private dialogue on women and the economy
- A high level policy dialogue on women and the economy
The theme of the 2018 APEC WEF was “Seizing Opportunities for Women and Girls to Advance in the Digital Age.” It had four priorities:
- Empowering women to participate in the digital economy
- Promoting inclusion and addressing impediments to women’s economic participation in specific sectors
- Supporting women to advance into leadership roles in business, government, community, and political levels
- Promoting “champions of change” and engaging more male champions
The statement issued by APEC ministers and heads of delegations shared the view that gender equality and women’s economic inclusion and empowerment are central to the vision of inclusive and sustainable growth of the 2030 development agenda and noted that the digital age is having an unprecedented impact on women’s economic inclusion and empowerment.
They encouraged the development of concrete and actionable measures to advance women’s economic, financial and social inclusion across APEC fora, and noted the importance of structural reform in women’s economic empowerment, given that many of the barriers to women’s economic participation in the region are behind the border barriers of a legislative, regulatory or policy nature.
They also committed further to encouraging gender diversity at management levels, such as in senior leadership and governance structures. Ministers recognized that governments, the private sector and civil society must work collaboratively to create an environment that will enable women to benefit from the changing world of work through their full, equal and effective participation in it.
Ministers and delegation heads also welcomed the outcomes of the Public-Private Dialogue on Women and the Economy (PPDWE). The resulting statement was their contribution to the APEC Economic Leaders’ Meeting in November, in Papua New Guinea.
Current Initiatives and Projects:
Enhancing women’s participation in high-growth and high-wage sectors and leadership, entrepreneurship, skills and competencies
The United States is currently leading a project on “Empowering Women as Managers in the Renewable Energy Sector,” as part of which 42 women from 12 APEC economies working in the renewable energy sector are participating in a six month training program designed to support their accelerated career advancement, through skills building and network expansion, peer-to-peer mentoring and the establishment of a robust alumni network
Korea recently completed a project on “Women’s Economic Empowerment and ICT: Capacity Building for APEC Women Entrepreneurs in the Age of the 4th Industrial Revolution” as part of which Korea has produced a report presenting case studies of successful women entrepreneurs from APEC economies in the field of ICT/smart technology business.
Chinese Taipei has initiated a new project on “APEC GIFTS A: Promoting Gender Inclusion in Smart Agriculture (GIFT: Gendered Innovation for Technology and Science),” designed to look at ways to develop women farmers’ skills in innovative agricultural science and technology.
Promoting greater participation of women in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) education and STEM-based entrepreneurship
With funding from the new APEC Women and the Economy Sub-Fund, in 2018 the United States and Australia initiated a new project on “APEC Women in STEM Initiative: Workshop, GIST Boot Camp and Roundtable,” which will involve a workshop on promoting and sustaining women in STEM careers, in October 2018 in Brisbane, Australia, on the margins of the 2018 APEC Chief Science Advisors and Equivalent Meeting. The workshop will feature new data on the impact of women in STEM roles in APEC with a focus on investing in women entrepreneurs, as well as a targeted discussion on the challenges faced by women entrepreneurs with entrepreneurs from across the Asia-Pacific region.
Viet Nam has initiated a new project in 2018 on “Advancing Inclusion through Enhancing Women and Girls' Digital Literacy and Skills in the Context of Industry 4.0” designed to share experience and policies on facilitating women’s participation in STEM and ICT education and training, and access to digital services.
Enhancing women’s leadership
Japan is continuing to lead a project on enhancing women’s leadership, as part of which APEC members are invited to develop annual Individual Action Plans (IAP) for the Enhancement of the Ratio of Women’s Representation in Leadership. In their IAPs, members share details of:
- The current ratio of women’s representation in leadership in their public and private sectors
- Voluntary goals to work toward by the end of 2020
All IAPs, including IAPs for 2018 submitted by the Philippines, Russia, Singapore, Chinese Taipei, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Hong Kong, China, Japan and Korea, are available here. As part of this work-stream, a review will be conducted in 2020 of progress in the ratio of women‘s representation in leadership in member economies.
Initiatives that enhance women’s economic empowerment
Papua New Guinea is leading a new project on “Gender Smart Workplaces – Building and Promoting Workplace Health, Safety and Inclusivity to Enhance Women’s Economic Participation and Productivity,” as part of which it hosted a workshop on “Gender Smart Workplaces” in the May 2018 in Port Moresby focused on best practices in ensuring healthy and safer workspaces for women. As part of this project Papua New Guinea is developing a Gender Smart Workplaces prototype to be used as a voluntary benchmarking tool by APEC economies, which will be made available on the APEC website once completed.
With funding from the new APEC Women and the Economy Sub-Fund, the United States held a workshop in August 2018 focused on tackling health-related barriers to women’s economic participation, including social expectation on women as caregivers, gender discrimination, sexual harassment, and a lack of family-friendly policies in the workplace. The workshop also launched a guidebook to help SMEs implement elements of the APEC Healthy Women Healthy Economies initiative particularly relevant to them.
Chile and Canada have initiated a new project on Women’s Participation in the Mining Industry designed to determine the primary barriers to women’s increased participation in the mining sector, especially in management and corporate governance roles, and identify best practice solutions. It will involve a workshop event in 2019 as part of Chile’s hosting year.
New Zealand has initiated a project in collaboration with APEC’s Economic Committee looking at how structural reform can help remove barriers and unlock the full potential of women’s economic participation to promote inclusive and sustainable growth. As part of this project, an APEC Public-Private Dialogue on Structural Reform and Gender was held in New Zealand in September 2018 and New Zealand is currently developing a report summarizing the key findings and policy recommendations from the dialogue.
Japan has completed a project on “Diversity Management for Women’s Empowerment”, with its key outcome being an APEC publication outlining best practices and lessons learned from five exemplary private sector initiatives supporting company-led efforts to encourage women’s empowerment, available here.
The Philippines has completed a project on “Women as Prime Movers of Inclusive Business” with its key outcome being an APEC publication on inclusive business both in theory and in practice and its effects on women’s economic empowerment, available here.
Peru has also completed a project on “Public-Private Strategies to Reduce the Costs of Gender Based Violence in APEC Economies”, as part of which Peru has produced two APEC publications on gender-based violence looking at:
- Public and private sector strategies for preventing gender-based violence and
- Methodologies used by APEC economies to measure and assess the economic cost of violence against women, both of which are available here.
Increasing MSME’s innovation capacities, including by facilitating their access to finance, technology and capacity building, especially for women and youth-led businesses
With funding from the new Women and the Economy Sub-Fund, in 2018 Russia and Chinese Taipei initiated a project on “APEC Financing Opportunities Fair for Women-Led MSMEs.”
The third APEC Business Efficiency and Success Target Awards (APEC BEST Awards), an annual initiate designed to build the profile of, and encourage, women-led MSMEs in the APEC region, was held on 5 September 2018 in the margins of the WEF in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea. Launched in 2016, the APEC BEST Awards was the first annual contest for women-entrepreneurs across the APEC region. The APEC BEST Awards seeks to raise women’s awareness on the benefits of self-employment and help women-entrepreneurs to internationalize their businesses, attract international partners and potential investors from APEC economies. More details are available here.
Viet Nam has completed the Gender Inclusion Guidelines (GIG), an initiative designed to guide APEC fora on how to integrate gender-responsive approaches into their Strategic and Work Plans, Annual Reports and Projects, which are available here.
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The “Innovation for Women and Economic Development: Facilitating Women’s Livelihood Development and Resilience with ICTs” multi-year project (2013-2016) was initiated to identify the key elements on promoting the economic involvement of women with technology and innovative IT tools.
Launched in 2016, the APEC Women in STEM initiative involves a range of activities, including an APEC-wide survey of initiatives aimed at strengthening the presence of women in STEM educational programs and careers.
- 2018 APEC BEST Award Program Winners
- 2017 APEC BEST Award Program Winners
- 2018 APEC Women and the Economy Forum (Statement)
- APEC Projects Database
- APEC Women and the Economy Dashboard 2017
- APEC Women and the Economy Dashboard 2015
- Guide on Gender Criteria for APEC Project Proposals
- PPWE Strategic Plan 2015-2018
- POLICY PARTNESHIP ON WOMEN AND THE ECONOMY (PPWE) Terms of Reference (TOR)
- PPWE Work Plan – Updated Jun 2016
- OECD Gender Initiative
- The North-South Institute
- APEC Women Leaders Network
- The Individual Action Plan
HWHE Guidebook for SMEs(913.58 KB, pdf)
APEC Public-Private Dialogue on Structural Reform and Gender - Information Note to Participants
APEC Public-Private Dialogue on Structural Reform and Gender - Invitation Letter
APEC BEST Award 2018 – Call for Candidates
Framework for the Integration of Women in APEC
APEC Guidelines for the Framework for the Integration of Women in APEC
2016 APEC BEST Award Program Results
Second Policy Partnership on Women and the Economy MeetingLa Serena, Chile
Women Ministerial Meeting and Related MeetingsChile
Public-Private Dialogue on Women and the EconomyLa Serena, Chile
High-Level Dialogue on Women and the EconomyLa Serena, Chile
Ms Anais KEDGLEY LAIDLAW
Ms Maria Carolina Cuevas Merino
Undersecretary, Ministry of Women and Gender Equity, Chile