Transportation Working Group
The efficient and safe transportation of goods and people are key to APEC's goal of free and open trade in the Asia-Pacific region.
The Transportation Working Group (TPTWG) aims to achieve the liberalization of transportation services and works to enhance the safety of APEC transport systems to encourage economic development in the Asia-Pacific region. It aims to balance security, safety, and environmental requirements with trade facilitation. These efforts are focused on: facilitation of domestic policy regulations; development of intermodal supply chains and secure transport activity; integration of corporate social responsibility; and building the capacity of all stakeholders to help them reach the eventual goal of free and open trade. Parallel measures are also undertaken by individual economies to strengthen the security of all transportation modes - land, sea and air.
The TPTWG has a clearly defined set of priority action areas based on Leaders’ Declarations and Transportation Ministerial Meeting Statements as well as instructions from the Senior Officials and SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (ECOTECH). The directions for the activities of TPTWG are also set in the Terms of Reference, the Strategic Plan and the annual Work Plan.
The group is actively involved in cross-fora collaboration with Tourism Working Group, Energy Working Group, Business Mobility Group, Sub-Committee on Customs Procedures and others, including participation in the Travel Facilitation Initiative and the Mainstreaming Ocean-Related Issues Steering Council.
The TPTWG also collaborates with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), IATA and IMO.
The 44rd meeting of the TPTWG was hosted by Chinese Taipei in April 2017. A wide range of ongoing and proposed projects and initiatives was discussed.
APEC Transportation Ministers met in October 2017 in Port Moresby and agreed on a set of measures to strengthen cooperation in such areas as promoting quality infrastructure connectivity, enhancing transportation accessibility, safety, security and sustainability as well as pursuing other cross-cutting socioeconomic improvements in relation to women in transportation, human trafficking and joint personnel training.
Overview of current projects in implementation
Framework of Heavy Vehicle Safety in Transport Supply Chain for APEC Developing Economies
An APEC study in 2011 estimated that 420,000 deaths were caused by heavy vehicle accidents, with contributing factors including: human/business factors; vehicle overloading and load balancing; poor vehicle road worthiness; infrastructure deficiencies; and inadequate legislation and regulation.
In April 2017, transport officials from six APEC economies met in Brisbane, Australia for a major workshop on heavy vehicle overloading. Hosted by Roy Mumu OBE, Secretary of the Papua New Guinea Department of Transport; and Marcus James, General Manager, Road Safety and Productivity Branch, Australian Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, the workshop brought together delegations from Australia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Chinese Taipei; Thailand; and Viet Nam. Delegations shared information and experiences about efforts to reduce the impact of heavy vehicle overloading in their economies.
Overloading has a severe impact on road safety, road infrastructure quality and productivity in both developed and developing economies. As economies in the region become more interconnected, it also has consequences for international trade.
The successful Brisbane workshop was an important milestone in a Papua New Guinea-led project to develop a regulatory “toolkit” to help developing economies improve the regulation of overloading. The final toolkit will be presented to the APEC Transportation Working Group later in 2017. The workshop presentations can be found here.
International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) Code Implementation Assistance Program
The project aims to assist APEC economies to develop the capacity required to effectively implement the ISPS Code by imparting a transfer of knowledge, lessons learned, and best practices. The project is carried out by holding the “Self-Assessment Trainer Workshops” and “Advanced Drill and Exercise Workshops” targeting government officials and port managers responsible for ISPS Code implementation.
Promotion of Regional Economic Integration by Developing APEC Gateway Port Connectivity
The study to develop policy and strategy recommendations for promoting Gateway Ports Connectivity in the APEC region, which refers to connections between regional seaports, and between seaports and their hinterland area. The study will clearly define what a Gateway Port is, identify the current state of Gateway Port Connectivity in the APEC region, and review best practices around the world. Key focus areas are port connectivity development trends, intermodal connections to hinterland areas, and connectivity performance indicators. A workshop will be held to solicit input, share best practices and recommend policy and strategy to promote Gateway Port Connectivity. All research findings and recommendations will be documented and shared widely among APEC economies and public and private port stakeholders.
Attracting Private Investment to Transportation Infrastructure Public-Private Partnerships
Budget constraint, innovations in the field of project finance, and growing interest for long-term financial returns by investors are increasing economies’ interest in PPPs. The skillset required of all government agencies involved in transportation infrastructure PPPs includes the ability to understand how to create project opportunities that are attractive to private investors while creating value for the government sponsor. Therefore, the project aims to share global best practices with government staff who package transportation infrastructure PPP deals for bidding out to private investors, project developers, and design/build firms.
Global Supply Chain Resilience: Phase 3 Continued Implementation
The project continues the focus on the APEC Seven Principles of Supply Chain Resilience Action Plan through two workshops targeting transportation, emergency management officials, and the private sector.
Enhancing Aviation Connectivity and Emissions Reduction via Implementation of Performance-Based Navigation (PBN) Assistance Program
The project aims to assist APEC economies in implementation of Performance Based Navigation (PBN), which is an aviation modernization program required by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). When fully implemented, PBN facilitates shorter flight routes with significant fuel and emissions savings. PBN also improves safety and reduces delays; this will help reduce the time, cost, and uncertainty of air freight and passenger movement throughout the Asia-Pacific region.
Promoting Cruise Visits to Ports within APEC Region
The objective of the project is to promote human exchange and economic revitalization in an environment-friendly manner by encouraging visits of cruising vessels to ports within the regions of APEC in collaboration with the International Association of Ports and Harbors.
The number of cruising passengers has doubled worldwide in the past 10 years. While the number of cruising passengers accounts for slightly less than 1% of the population in Europe, it accounts for slightly less than 4% in the US. As it accounts for only approx. 0.06% of the population in the Asia-Pacific region, it is expected to achieve a significant increase in future.
For the ports at which the cruising vessels of the member states of APEC make or expected to make calls, the sharing of the port-related information (the information on port facilities and tourism resources) and the visit of cruising vessels to member economies are jointly promoted through international workshop, training course and research in this project.
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