APEC Conference on Clean, Renewable and Sustainable Use of Energy (APRCRES) was held on 30 September-2 October 2013 in Bali, Indonesia.
In the outcome statement, it was agreed that APEC member economies should commit to a strategic effort to strengthen sustainability, and to develop and deploy clean and renewable energy technologies in the region. Concrete actions were encouraged to meet the following objectives:
- Boosting investments in the clean and renewable energy sector through appropriate government policies, open and transparent regulatory systems and a conducive business environment;
- Capacity building and technical cooperation in renewable projects that involve appropriate technologies, and require skilled human resources;
- Fostering cooperation amongst APEC members to engage in clean and renewable energy development projects, and decreases in energy intensity.
The 45th EWG meeting was held in Koh Samui, Thailand, on 18-22 March 2013.
Members continued working on the Energy Security Initiative including short-term measures to respond to temporary energy supply disruptions and longer-term policy responses that are practical and achievable to address the broader challenges facing the region's energy supply. Also, members held an important workshop on Removing Fossil-fuel Subsidies, which is part of their Annual Work Plan. In that sense, members will continue encouraging measures to improve energy efficiency that can cut the APEC region’s dependence on oil and gas as well as reduce greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuels. With the reviewing of the role of natural gas in the total regional energy balance, members highlighted this issue as part of their Annual Work Plan as well as their Dialogue on Major Natural Disaster and Energy Infrastructure in order to have preventive measures.
APEC energy cooperation is conducted under the framework of the Energy Security Initiative (ESI), which was first put forward by the EWG in 2000. The objective of the ESI is to prepare the region for potential energy supply disruptions and subsequent impacts on economic activities.
The ESI covers a range of issues including: the Monthly Oil Data Initiative, maritime security, real-time emergency information sharing, oil supply emergency response, energy investment, natural gas trade, nuclear power, energy efficiency, renewable energy, hydrogen, methane hydrates, and clean fossil energy.
In 2001 the Joint Oil Data Initiative (JODI) was launched. This initiative is a collaborative oil information collection programme in its 10th year of operation that is undertaken by APEC, the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), the IEA, the International Energy Forum, and the United Nations Environment Programme. The JODI database has been helpful for oil producers, consumers, researchers and analysts. In October 2011, the 8th JODI Oil Conference was held in Beijing, China, marking the 10th anniversary of JODI.
Noting that cooperation and partnership are essential to addressing energy security and environmental challenges, the EWG has further strengthened collaboration with other international energy fora on a broad range of issues, including maritime energy transport security, emergency preparedness, energy efficiency, and clean energy technology. Accordingly, the IEA, the Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) and the Energy Charter Secretariat have been granted guest status in the EWG.
In the APEC Leaders' Declaration on Climate Change, Energy Security and Clean Development, endorsed in Sydney, Australia on 9 September 2007, APEC Leaders emphasized the importance of improving energy efficiency and resolved to work towards an APEC-wide aspirational goal of a reduction in energy intensity of at least 25 percent by 2030. They also established an Asia-Pacific Network for Energy Technology (APNet) to strengthen collaboration on energy research in the region, particularly in the areas of clean fossil energy and renewable energy sources.
In July 2009, Japan contributed approximately US$1.3 million to the APEC Secretariat to promote energy efficiency activities throughout the APEC region. The sum will specifically fund the development and implementation of energy efficiency policies, goals and action plans that are in line with the Leaders' Declaration.
APEC Energy Ministers held the ninth Energy Ministerial Meeting in Fukui, Japan between 18-20 June, 2010 under the theme "Low Carbon Paths to Energy Security: Cooperative Energy Solutions for a Sustainable APEC."
At the meeting, APEC Ministers and delegates discussed issues including energy security, responses to oil supply disruptions, improvement of energy efficiency, carbon capture and storage, enhancement of the PREE mechanism, efficient use of fossil energies, nuclear power generation, new and renewable energies, and bio-fuels.
In particular, APEC Energy Ministers directed officials to improve energy efficiency by:
- Developing joint programs with International Energy Agency to improve response to oil and gas emergency situations;
- Conducting an Unconventional Gas Census to evaluate its potential which could increase natural gas output;
- Continuing assessing the resource potential for bio-fuels to displace petroleum-based fuels; and
- Assessing the potential for reducing the energy intensity of economic output in APEC economies between 2005 and 2030, beyond the 25 percent aspirational goal already agreed by the APEC Leaders.
A Private Sector Dialogue working lunch also took place where speakers from the private sector considered the development and deployment of low-carbon technologies.
The Fukui Declaration was signed at the end of the Ministerial Meeting, as well as a Memorandum of Understanding on the Sub-Fund for Energy Efficiency and Low-Carbon Measures between APEC Secretariat, represented by its Executive Director, and the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry on behalf of the Government of Japan.
A key initiative that EWG is implementing is the APEC Peer Review Mechanism on Energy Efficiency (PREE). The objectives of the PREE are:
- to promote information sharing among APEC members on energy efficiency performance and on policies and measures for improving energy efficiency; and
- to explore how energy efficiency goals on an overall and/or sectoral basis and action plans could be effectively formulated and implemented in APEC economies.
A team of energy efficiency experts have now completed several PREE reports on Chile, New Zealand, Viet Nam, Thailand, Chinese Taipei, Peru, Malaysia and Indonesia. To download and view the eight PREE reports, please click here.
On February 2013, the EWG released the 5th Edition of the APEC Energy Outlook of Demand and Supply. The report was conducted by the Asia Pacific Energy Research Center (APERC), in coordination with the APEC Energy Working Group, and provides detailed projections of APEC’s energy demand, supply and greenhouse gas emissions.
Dr Phyllis Genther YOSHIDA (Ms)
Deputy Assistant Secretary
International Energy Cooperation
U.S. Department of Energy
Tel: +1 202 586 7954
Fax: +1 202 586 3047
Kristin O’GRADY (Ms)